One modern web application is divided into two parts – front-end (client) and back-end (server). That separation is required when it comes to the whole development process to applications that are usually complex.
More on Back-end
When it comes to the back-end process, it can be said that its main job is the responsibility towards the web’s server logic. Back- end developers must develop server logic. That is the reason why these developers should have enormous database knowledge. Also, skills in microserver architecture and cloud systems are preferable. The server’s code performance relies on the developer’s back end.
Front-end and back-end are different. Both have different responsibilities, and that is why they are divided. It is essential to know that the back-end applies an API that uses front-end to allow its work and that front-end developers and back end-developers do not need to know their field’s implementations.
In the IT world, the front-end is considered to be more complicated, but the back-end also has complicated development tools. For example, TCP/IP, HTTP, a REST protocol stack, the steps of building an API, the connection between a browser and web application, and more. PHP is usually the most used one, but let’s not forget Python, Django, Java, Node.js, Ruby, C#, .NET, and more.
Interestingly, people forget that both do not oppose each other. Front-end and back-end function perfectly well together.
- Back-end processes require many tasks, sure, but few of them are the most important ones.
- Making an explanation of project requirements and design documentation.
- Project architecture development.
- Picking the rightful framework
- Special attention to its database development
- Coordinating points on the use of the cloud system, budgets and readiness of the development team before starting the project
- Allow scalability for a significant number of customers
- Unification with the front end
- Data security
- API design and support
- Unification of new functionality
- Project documentation
- Back-end support and administration
- Rightful project development methodology
Before everything else, choose the right team to work with the already chosen framework and have in mind that your team should know a great deal about that same framework. Before making a final decision about your team, make sure that those developers have already worked on some projects, similar to yours.
Some frameworks are widely used, and some frameworks are not quite popular among developers. According to them, these are the most used frameworks when it comes to back-end:
- Express – a Node.js framework that is simple and fast. Often used as an intermediate handler for working with servers and routers.
- Symfony – PHP framework that is free and that uses Model-View-Controller pattern. It brings fast development and management of website applications and quickly solves routine tasks. It is free. It is divided into two Propel and Doctrine and is published under an MIT license.
- Laravel – another one that uses a Model-View-Controller pattern. This one is a free, open-source framework, and among everything else, it gives an implementation of the ActiveRecord PHP design pattern. Also, it defines the connection between database objects. It uses Blade as a template engine, and it gives flexibility.
- RoR – also known as Ruby on Rails, a framework that comes from Ruby programming language. It maximizes the use of reuse mechanisms to lower code duplication in applications.
- Django – supported by Django Software Foundation, this free Python web application also uses the MVC design pattern. The URL handles here are configured with regular expressions. It uses its ORM.
- Spring – this one can be used from any Java application and does not give developers a programming model. Although it gives freedom like no other.
- .NET – the one that is made by Microsoft, and that gives the green light to many different programming languages. It is made to create many different web applications and web services from Microsoft.
- Better back-end outsourcing can happen only if you are willing to implement some tips given by the people that have already been in your shoes. The ideal recipe for it does not exist, but other ticks can help the process. For example, you should:
- Choose the right people that will contain your neither big nor small development team. These developers must know every single detail when it comes to the back-end process and must have the required skills for it as well. Make sure they also have previous experience and develop excellent communication with each of them before hiring.
- Explain and give extra information about every task you plan on giving.
- Try not to complicate the technological part of your idea. Ask experts and choose the technology stack rightfully.
- Write down every important thing connected to this project. For example, use written documentation, graphics, sketches, and more. The transfer of knowledge has been and still is a crucial stage of the system.
- Continue building communication between every developer involved in the project.
- Take a closer look at back-end testing automation. It saves many hours for the future among everything else.
Back-end outsourcing is quite useful as many companies have proven it. The feedback is positive that that is the main reason why it is so highly implemented. Plan correctly every stage of your project and choose someone you trust, someone proven to be effective with it.